- Why are we driven to create art? What purpose does it serve?
- How might its purpose change under conditions of war or oppression?
- Is creating art a meaningful form of resistance?
Students will develop an understanding of creative resistance by examining artistic work made under oppressive conditions in order to determine if they believe creating art is a meaningful form of resistance.
Module 4 (The Arts) aligns well with the following subjects/themes:
- Visual and Performing Arts: Exemplars of forms of creative expression during or in response to social injustice, political conflict, war, or mass atrocity.
- Social Studies: Teaching resistance (spiritual or armed) during World War II and/or the Holocaust. This could also amplify the study of resistance during other wars or mass atrocities.
- English Language and Literary Arts: Reading memoirs or novels with themes of resistance to social injustice, political conflict, war, or mass atrocity..
Since this module is designed for visual and performing arts students, we recognize that many of them may not have knowledge of Holocaust history. The module should not require extensive background in Holocaust history. We believe that basic contextual information is provided in the film Defiant Requiem which you will screen as part of the lesson.
If you wish to provide your students with additional pre-teaching resources about basic Holocaust history, you can use this short film and worksheet.
For a basic overview of the role of ghettos within the Holocaust, you can use all or part of this lesson:
- The Ghettos (Echoes and Reflections)
For resistance during the Holocaust:
- Jewish Resistance (Echoes and Reflections)
For definitions of Holocaust terms, please visit Echoes and Reflections Audio Glossary
For a complete list of resources related to Defiant Requiem, please visit the Resources page.