- What is resistance?
- What is the value of creative expression for oppressed people?
- Is creative expression a meaningful form of resistance?
Students will explore a little-known story of creative resistance during the Holocaust by watching the film Defiant Requiem in order to increase their general understanding of how Jews were oppressed during the Holocaust and how some prisoners used art and music to resist.
ELA-Literacy.SL.9-10.1: Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, teacher-led) with diverse partners on grades 9-10 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.
Module 1 (Social Studies I) aligns well with the following subjects/themes:
- Social Studies: Teaching resistance during World War II and/or the Holocaust
- English language arts: Reading memoirs or novels with themes of resistance in war or genocide
- Art and Music: Exemplars of forms of creative expression during or in response to social injustice, political conflict, war, or mass atrocity.
Social Studies I is designed for teachers and students working at an introductory level. If your students are new to studying the Holocaust, we highly recommend using the following pre-teaching resources:
For a basic overview of the Holocaust:
- Path to Nazi Genocide Film (USHMM)
- Path to Nazi Genocide worksheet and answer key
For the role of ghettos within the Holocaust:
- The Ghettos (Echoes and Reflections)
For the role of Terezin:
For resistance during the Holocaust:
- Jewish Resistance (Echoes and Reflections)
For definitions of Holocaust terms, please visit Echoes and Reflections Audio Glossary
For a complete list of resources related to Defiant Requiem, please visit the Resources page.